欧洲需要增加投资实现能源转型

  发布时间: 2020年01月07日 06:12:37   作者: 广丰能源网

原标题:欧洲需要增加投资实现能源转型

中国石化新闻网讯 据1月3日Trend报道,欧洲投资银行(EIB)报告称,要实现欧洲的能源转型,在2050年之前,各能源领域的投资占国内生产总值(GDP)的比例需要每年提高2.5-3%,或比正常水平高出约1.5%。

其中60-65%的投资主要用于重建建筑物、改进工业流程和整合新的交通运输技术,35-40%用于加强能源基础设施,根据EIB的估计,包括建造使用可再生能源的工厂,建立新的能源储存设施,以及生产无碳氢和合成燃料的工厂。

为了调动私人投资,公共部门必须发挥催化作用,发出正确的价格信号,确保监管有利于投资,制定标准,并通过能源审计等工具传播信息。最重要的是,政府需要为未来的发展道路提供明确的信号,排除政策的不确定性,让企业有信心进行投资。

欧洲投资银行称:“对于许多低收入家庭来说,能源成本在可支配收入中所占的比例越来越高,他们将很难支付房屋装修费用或采取必要的节能措施,促使欧洲实现碳中和。政府应减轻负担,积极保护最弱势群体。如果做不到这一点,可能会削弱公众对能源转型的支持。”

洪伟立 摘译自 Trend

原文如下:

Europe needs to increase investment in energy sectors to achieve energy transition

For the energy transition to happen in Europe, investment in the various energy sectors needs to rise to 2.5 percent to 3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) a year until 2050, or roughly 1.5 percent of GDP above business-as-usual, Trend reports citing the European investment Bank (EIB).

A majority of that investment, 60-65 percent, is needed to rehabilitate buildings, improve industrial processes and integrate new transport technologies, while 35-40 percent would go to reinforcing energy infrastructure, building plants using renewable energy sources and creating new energy-storage facilities as well as factories producing carbon-free hydrogen and synthetic fuels, according to EIB estimates.

"To mobilize private investment, the public sector must play a catalytic role by sending the right price signals, ensuring regulation is conducive to investment, setting standards, and spreading information through tools like energy audits. Not least, governments need to provide clear signals on the path ahead, ending policy uncertainty and giving businesses the confidence to invest."

"Energy costs eat up an increasing share of disposable income for many lower income households, which will have a tough time paying for the home renovations or energy efficiency measures necessary to make Europe carbon-neutral. Government policies should lighten the burden and actively protect the most vulnerable people. Failing to do this could erode public support for the energy transition."

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